Parenting is the process of raising children. Through the process of parenting, parents are expected to fulfil the needs of babies and children who are dependent on them for nutritional needs, shelter, safety, shelter and overall well-being. Parents provide their children with ways to interact and behave in society.
The core debate
Is parenting is a learned behaviour or a natural instinct? Many people believe that Parenting is an intinct which comes naturally to parents. On the other hand many people think that Parenting is a learned behaviour and Parenting Practices are determined by this learning. If you look at strength of arguments, later opinion seems closer to the facts. Here are the arguments that support opinion of people who believe parenting is learned behaviour.
Social learning theory
According to social learning theory by social psychologist Albert Bandura, our behaviours and patterns of interaction in society are learned and imitated. Similarly, parenting is learned and repeated. People learn it at family, societal, educational and other institutional levels. Parenting is not an intinct but a learned behaviour.
Parenting patterns are influenced by culture, values and norms of the society
Our culture, values and norms greatly influence our dress, food, patterns of living and interaction. Parenting is not an exception. A child is raised according to these cultural ideals and in a way which is appropriate to norms. Otherwise, it will become difficult for the child to live in that society. Culture, values and norms are not natural but created by men and vary from society to society. Some cultural practices are even very harmful for the children.
Patterns are inter generational
Parenting is an inter generational cycle and one transfers from one generation to other. All good and bad parenting practices are transfered. Through education and awareness, abusive parenting practices can be changed. Thus, parenting is not natural or an intinct but a learned behaviour.
Changing paradigms of Parenting Practices over the period of history
Over time parenting patterns have been changing constantly. From times of hunting society to tribal, agrarian, industrial and modern society family structures and patterns have been changing. This change was the result of changing human development, infrastructure